Alternative Energy & Power 2019
1. General Structure and Ownership of the Power Industry
1.1 Principal Law Governing the Ownership and Structure of the Power Industry
The Ministry of Energy and Power Development is responsible for the power industry. Its major function is to develop an effective legislative framework for the energy sector.
The Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (“ZERA”) is responsible for the direct regulation of the power industry and was established in 2011 in terms of the Energy Regulatory Authority Act [Chapter 13:23] (“the ERA Act”). ZERA took over the responsibilities of the Electricity Regulatory Commission, which was established under the Electricity Act [Chapter 13:19] (“the Electricity Act”) and was previously responsible for the regulation of the electricity sector in Zimbabwe.
The generation, transmission, distribution and supply of power is principally regulated by the Electricity Act. The regulations under the Electricity Act for the licensing of the power generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity were passed in 2008 as the Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 2008, published as Statutory Instrument 103/2008 as further amended by Statutory Instrument 55/2015 (“the Licensing Regulations”).